40% US and Canadian Cops Suffer From Sleep Apnea, Insomnia,or At Least One Sleep Disorder
Researchers examined and evaluated associations between sleep disorder risk and self-reported health, safety, and performance outcomes in police officers.
Cross-sectional and prospective cohort study of North American police officers participating in either an online or an on-site screening (n=4957) and monthly follow-up surveys (n=3545 officers representing 15 735 person-months) between July 2005 and December 2007. A total of 3693 officers in the United States and Canada participated in the online screening survey, and 1264 officers from a municipal police department and a state police department participated in the on-site survey.
Of the 4957 participants, 40.4% screened positive for at least one (01) sleep disorder, most of whom had not been diagnosed previously. Of the total cohort, 1666 (33.6%) screened positive for obstructive sleep apnea, 281 (6.5%) for moderate to severe insomnia,269 (5.4%) for shift work disorder (14.5% of those who worked the night shift). Of the 4608 participants who completed the sleepiness scale, 1312 (28.5%) reported excessive sleepiness.
Of the total cohort, 1294 (26.1%) reported falling asleep while driving at least 1 time a month. Respondents who screened positive for obstructive sleep apnea or any sleep disorder had an increased prevalence of reported physical and mental health conditions, including diabetes, depression, and cardiovascular disease.
An analysis of up to 2 years of monthly follow-up surveys showed that those respondents who screened positive for a sleep disorder vs those who did not had a higher rate of reporting that they had made a serious administrative error (17.9% vs 12.7%; adjusted odds ratio [OR], 1.43 [95% CI, 1.23-1.67]); of falling asleep while driving (14.4% vs 9.2%; adjusted OR, 1.51 [95% CI, 1.20-1.90]); of making an error or safety violation attributed to fatigue (23.7% vs 15.5%; adjusted OR, 1.63 [95% CI, 1.43-1.85]); and of exhibiting other adverse work-related outcomes including uncontrolled anger toward suspects (34.1% vs 28.5%; adjusted OR, 1.25 [95% CI, 1.09-1.43]), absenteeism (26.0% vs 20.9%; adjusted OR, 1.23 [95% CI, 1.08-1.40]), and falling asleep during meetings (14.1% vs 7.0%; adjusted OR, 1.95 [95% CI, 1.52-2.52]).
Among a group of North American police officers, sleep disorders were common and were significantly associated with increased risk of self-reported adverse health, performance, and safety outcomes
Tagged with: Cardiovascular Disease • cops • depression • diabetes • excessive sleepiness • falling asleep during meetings • falling asleep while driving • health • Insomnia • LAW ENFORCEMENT • North American police officers • Obstructive Sleep Apnea • occupational health • OSA • police • police officers • public health • safety violation • Shift Work Disorder • Sleep • Sleep Apnea • Sleep Apnea Canada • sleep apnea united states • sleep disorder • Sleep Disorders • Untreated sleep disorders
Filed under: Cardiovascular Disease • Clinical Research • Daytime Sleepiness • Depression • Diabetes • Fatigue • Heart Problems • Hypertension • Insomnia • Obesity • Obstructive Sleep Apnea • Other Disorders • Polysomnography • Sleep • Sleep Apnea • Sleep Apnea Awareness • Sleep Apnea Diagnosis • Sleep Apnea Effects • Sleep Apnea News • Sleep Apnea Research • Sleep Apnea Study • Sleep Apnea Symptoms • Sleep Apnea Test • Sleep Apnea Treatment • Sleep Deprivation • Sleep Disordered Breathing • Sleep Disorders • Sleep Problems • Stress
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