poor sleep in university studentsSleep is an essential physiological process for humans. University students residing in countries that are quite resource limited in terms of healthcare and social structures often report poor sleep quality due to changing social opportunities and increasing academic demands.

Sleep quality among university students has never been studied in countries like Ethiopia. A recently concluded research study has attempted assessment of seep quality and its demographic and psychological correlates among university students. This study used cross-sectional survey methods and included participant students from two universities in Ethiopia.

Multistage sampling procedures were used to enroll 2,817 students into the study. A self-administered structured questionnaire including the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale-21, the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) and selected modules of the World Health Organization STEPS instrument was used for the study.

This research included 2,551 students. Frequency, median, mean with standard deviation and 95% confidence interval were used to characterize sleep quality and other variables.

Analysis of variance and binary logistic regression procedures were also used. The prevalence of poor sleep quality (total PSQI score >5) was 55.8% (1,424). Female students (adjusted odds ratio (AOR) 1.23; 95% CI: 1.00, 1.57), second year (AOR 2.91; 95% CI: 2.1, 4.02) and third year students (AOR 2.25; 95% CI 1.62, 3.12) had statistically significant higher odds of poor sleep quality.

Perceived stress level and symptoms of depression and anxiety were strongly associated with sleep quality.

Researchers concluded that substantial proportion of university students are affected by poor sleep quality. Researchers are of the view that health promotion and educational programs for students should emphasize the importance of sleep and mental health.

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