Insomnia is a sleep disorder that compels the sufferer to stay awake or reduces the capacity to fall asleep.Insomnia is also a transient condition due to emotional stress, anxiety or a response to certain medications or medical conditions.

Insomnia occurrence without any known medical reason is termed as primary insomnia. Chronic insomnia is diagnosed if the condition lasts for longer than a month.

insomniaInsomnia has significant physiological and psychological consequences. Restorative sleep is as important to our well-being as healthy food and regular exercise.

Insomnia diminishes quality of life up to large extent. If unresolved, chronic insomnia causes slowed reactions, mental health issues such as depression or anxiety, physical ailments such as obesity and increased risk for cardiovascular diseases as well as lower performance at work or at school.

Insomnia is common among all the developed and developing countries. A University of Hong Kong study proves that 68.6 per cent out of 529 Hong Kong college students are insomniacs with reported psychosocial factors. Another study published in Sleep Medicine, confirmed that chronic insomnia is a persistent problem.

However, insomnia is a symptom, not a disease. The main therapeutic approaches to chronic insomnia are cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), or “talk therapy“, and sleep medicines.

Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) helps identifying the underlying causes of insomnia and seek to empower patients with the knowledge of sleep patterns and ways to improve sleep habits. In  many cases the CBT works better than sleep medicines.

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