Hypertension Archives

Sleep Apnea and Associated Health Problems

health problemsMajority of the people around the world living with sleep apnea may not realize their breathing is being interrupted while they sleep. Often family members might notice the signs and symptoms of sleep apnea first. If left untreated, sleep apnea can increase the risk of developing other life-threatening heath conditions such as hypertension, stroke and heart disease.

When someone has sleep apnea, their breathing stops or becomes shallow while sleeping. In adults, apnea is considered significant when these pauses in breathing last 10 seconds or longer and occur more than five to 15 or more times an hour.

Obstructive sleep apnea is the most common type and is caused by the inability to move enough air through the mouth and nose into the lungs because of complete or partial blockage in the upper airways during sleep. When breathing resumes, it often is accompanied by a gasp, snort, body jerk or an arousal. Read the rest of this entry

strokeAccording to the findings of a recently concluded research study the atrial fibrillation (AF) may play an intermediary role in the relationship between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and stroke, research findings suggest.

Resaerchers at the Mayo Clinic College of Medicine in Rochester, Minnesota, USA observed that  patients with OSA who had a stroke had significantly higher rates of atrial fibrillation, even after accounting for potential confounders, than their peers without stroke.

“This could potentially indicate that patients with OSA and AF need aggressive treatment to mitigate the risk of future stroke,” the researchers say, although they caution that as theirs was a case-control study, a causal relationship between AF and stroke could not be established. Read the rest of this entry

childhood-obesityObesity now affects 17 percent of all children and adolescents in the United States, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. That’s triple the rate from just one generation ago.

A New Jersey Childhood Obesity Study found 40 percent of Vineland children between ages 6 and 11 are overweight, compared to 21 percent nationally.

Almost 90 percent of children aren’t eating enough vegetables. Majority of the children aren’t physically active for at least 60 minutes a day. This unhealthy reality has long-term consequences, too.

As weight increases so do the risks for coronary heart disease, Type 2 diabetes, cancers (endometrial, breast, and colon), hypertension (high blood pressure), stroke, liver and gallbladder disease, sleep apnea and respiratory problems and gynecological problems. Read the rest of this entry

central sleep apneaAlong with obstructive sleep apnea, central sleep apnea is one of the two main forms of sleep apnea, a dangerous class of sleep disorders characterized by an interruption of breathing of 10 seconds or more numerous times an hour during sleep.

Dangers of Central Sleep Apnea 

Although central sleep apnea is less common than obstructive sleep apnea, it is just as dangerous.

Central sleep apnea can result in severe morning headaches, daytime fatigue, anxiety, depression, short-term memory problems and difficulty focusing.  Read the rest of this entry

sleep studyIt is not just the amount of sleep that is important for good health, but the right type of sleep is also needed for an individual to prevent some of these more serious health problems,

Slow brain wave sleep allows the body to restore at the cellular level. Without this cellular repair, the risk of disease increases for obesity, diabetes, depression and hypertension.

The measurement of these brain waves, heart rates, oxygen levels and other body functions during sleep can only be diagnosed through a medical sleep study. Read the rest of this entry

Various Types of Sleep Related Disorders

Sometimes lack of sleep is caused by disorders that can also cause problems during the day. Examples include:

sleep related disorderNight sweats, which are caused by menopause, cancer, and infections.

Hypersomnia, which is excessive day time sleepiness caused by narcolepsy, being overweight, use of certain medicines, or drug and alcohol use.

Kleine Leven syndrome, where sufferers sleep up to 20 hours a day for several weeks.

Insomnia, which affects 30 to 50% of the population.

Narcolepsy, where sufferers may fall asleep easily during the day.

Periodic Limb Movement Disorder, where limbs move rhythmically during sleep.

Six percent of Americans suffer from sleep apnea, a condition where the sufferer stops breathing for 10 to 30 seconds, up to 400 times a night. Two to four percent of the American population suffers from apnea without a diagnosis. Sleep Apnea sufferers are six times more likely to die in a traffic accident due to fatigue. People who sleep next to apnea sufferers lose an average of one hour of sleep per night, and people with untreated apnea are four times more likely to suffer a stroke. Half of those with sleep apnea snore heavily.

Sleep Medication and Its Long Term Impacts

sleeping pillsSleeping pills are over-prescribed.  There should always be caution with prescribing these medications as some of the long-term effects on memory can be a problem. Instead more sex and cuddles with your partner are a better option for sleep.

Nationally nearly 680,000 sleeping pill prescriptions were doled out in the year to June 30. Before taking sleep medication, there were several things people could do to help with issues around sleep.

Avoiding stimulants like coffee and alcohol before bed, regular exercise and healthy eating are far better options. At the same time a hot bath, more sex and cuddles with your partner are among the highly recommended options. Read the rest of this entry

sleep apnea1 Sleep apnea is a common and potentially deadly sleep disorder in which your breathing may stop for 10 seconds or more multiple times per hour.

Types of Sleep Apnea

There are two primary forms of sleep apnea:
– Obstructive sleep apnea
– Central sleep apnea

Obstructive sleep apnea is the result of an airway obstruction that is typically caused by overly relaxed muscles in the throat. When these muscles relax, tissue in the throat can collapse, narrowing the airway and preventing adequate oxygen intake. Read the rest of this entry

According to a recently concluded research study published in the journal SLEEP  the researchers found that patients with moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) taking phentermine and topiramate extended-release capsules achieved significant improvements in key measures of OSA and cardiovascular risk factors along with weight loss during the 28-week trial.

OSA is a chronic and potentially serious sleep disorder in which breathing is abnormally shallow (“hypopnea”) or stops altogether (“apnea”) for at least 10 seconds. These repetitive events are associated with collapse of the upper airway during sleep, and may occur 5 to 30 or more times per hour. Although many cases are unrecognized, symptoms may include snoring, fatigue or sleepiness during the day. Read the rest of this entry

50% Women Have Risk of Mild-to-Severe Sleep Apnea

A recently concluded Swedish research study established that 50 % of the women who underwent the overnight sleep study turned out to have mild-to-severe sleep apnea.

The random population sample constituting 400 women were monitored while sleeping. Almost 50% of these women experienced at least five episodes an hour when they stopped breathing for longer than 10 seconds, the minimum definition of sleep apnea.

Among the obese and women with hypertension the risk factors for sleep apnea was recorded as high as 80 to 84 percent of occurrence.

Dr. Karl Franklin, the lead author of the study and a professor at Umea University in Sweden says,’ How important the mild sleep apnea is, we don’t know”. The study also recorded high occurrence of mild sleep apnea among the womenRead the rest of this entry

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