Sleep Apnea Research Archives

Portrait of mature woman sitting in countrysideFindings of a recently concluded research study at Oregon Health and Science University in Portland has revealed that Sleep apnea is directly related with the osteoporosis and bone fractures.

Nearly 54 million Americans over the age of 50 are affected by low bone mass, and about 10 million of them have osteoporosis, which leads to brittle bones and fractures.

Obstructive sleep apnea is a sleep disorder that occurs commonly in this population as well, and has been linked to multiple adverse health effects, including high blood pressure, heart disease and depression.

Researchers at Oregon Health and Science University in Portland theorize that sleep apnea may be an unrecognized cause of osteoporosis because it seems to affect bone remodeling, a process necessary for bone health. During remodeling, mature bone is removed from the skeleton and new bone tissue is rebuilt, even while we sleep.

With detailed review of researches the conclusion derived by the researchers that deals with bone metabolism and found important indications that sleep apnea interrupts the bone remodeling process.

“If sleep disorders like obstructive sleep apnea affect bone metabolism, they may have diagnostic and therapeutic implications for many patients, including those affected by sleep apnea in their early, bone modeling years,” said lead author Dr. Christine Swanson.

Firefighters May Have Undiagnosed Sleep Disorders

firefighters sleep problemsA recently concluded research study at Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston has revealed that many firefighters may have undiagnosed sleep disorders.

Researchers examined nearly 7,000 firefighters from 66 fire departments across the United States. Of those, 37% suffered from a sleep disorder, such as sleep apnea, insomnia, shift-work disorder and restless leg syndrome.

“These firefighters have also been found prone to car accidents or to have fallen asleep while driving”, the study findings have recorded. Chronic health issues such as heart disease, diabetes, depression and anxiety also have large probability among these firefighters, according to the research revelations. Read the rest of this entry

Ibuprofen Safer Than Morphine After Sleep Apnea Surgery

Ibuprofen in TonsillectomyFindings of a recently concluded research study (Motherisk Program at The Hospital for Sick Children (SickKids) and by McMaster University and McMaster Children’s Hospital ) revealed that treating postoperative pain with morphine subsequent to the tonsillectomy surgery which is commonly and effectively used to treat childhood obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) may cause life-threatening respiratory problems in some children.

This study identified a significant risk for potentially fatal breathing disruption when morphine is administered at home after surgery to treat pain in children who undergo tonsillectomy with or without adenoidectomy. Prescribing Ibuprofen instead, after Pediatric Sleep Apnea Surgery would be a better option.

The detailed findings of this research study as published in the January 26 online edition of Pediatrics  also established that ibuprofen is a safe and effective alternative. Read the rest of this entry

gestational diabetesWomen who are diagnosed with gestational diabetes bear seven times probability of suffering with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)  compared to the other pregnant women. A most recent research study concluded and due to be published in the Endocrine Society’s Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism (JCEM) revealed

Pregnancy is associated with sleep disturbances. Sleep is more disturbed in GDM than in P-NGT women. There is a strong association between GDM and OSA.

Prime objective of the research study was to assess the relationship between pregnancy, obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) , and GDM.

“It is common for pregnant women to experience sleep disruptions, but the risk of developing obstructive sleep apnea increases substantially in women who have gestational diabetes,” said Sirimon Reutrakul, MD, who conducted the research at Rush University Medical Center in Chicago. “Nearly 75 percent of the participants in our study who had gestational diabetes also suffered from obstructive sleep apnea.”  Read the rest of this entry

High Earners Get Most Effective Sleep

sleepRich people sleep well at night. According to the findings of a recently concluded sleep research study by the Sleep Council a  healthy pay packet is the most important factor in getting a good night’s rest.

The study conducted on more than 5,000 adults found dividing lines based on income, with 83 per cent of people earning £75,000 or above saying they slept very well or fairly well most nights – and had never resorted to sleep remedies.

High earners were more likely to share their bed each night with a partner, but also admit to using their laptop as the last thing they do before going to bed. Read the rest of this entry

How Sleep and Excercise are Inter-related

sleep and excerciseWhile logic dictates that regular exercise can boost sleep, a small new study finds that for people suffering from sleep disturbances or insomnia, the answer may not be so simple.

Research from Northwestern University in the US finds that for insomniacs, sleep may have more of an impact on exercise than exercise has on sleep, at least initially.

For the research, the scientists first looked at a 2010 study from the same university involving 17 adults with insomnia. All of the subjects, mostly female, were in their 60s and sedentary. After 16 weeks of physical activity training, subjects reported improved sleep. But the scientists wanted to know more, such as did exercise have an immediate effect on the subjects’ sleep? Read the rest of this entry

melatoninSleep doctors say many people who are diagnosed with insomnia are actually suffering a condition called delayed sleep phase disorder.

Physicians say up to 15 per cent of people who are told they have insomnia actually have the disorder, which makes it very hard for people to fall to sleep at night and difficult to get up in the morning.

Professor Ron Grunstein from the Woolcock Institute in Sydney says it is difficult to diagnose delayed sleep phase disorder.

“Most people who have it don’t know they have a disorder,” he said.

“They just think they have trouble getting off to sleep and trouble waking up.” Read the rest of this entry

sleep researcher

Erin Evans, a sleep researcher at the Brigham, is testing an experimental light for the International Space Station.

In the quest to understand the mystery of sleep, researcher Erin Evans has studied the effects of sleep deprivation in high-stress work situations, from astronauts to police and doctors.

Evans, a sleep medicine fellow at Harvard Medical School and Brigham and Women’s Hospital, also helps hundreds of families improve the sleeping habits of their children. Even though she’s a sleep expert, Evans admits she’s constantly challenged by her 2-year-old son.

“I thought I knew everything about sleep,” she said, “but he’s putting me through the wringer.”

“Sleep in a young infant is a moving target, and while one 4-month-old might sleep through the night, another may need to nurse a few times. I believe there is no “one-size-fits-all” strategy. The most important thing is to develop a plan that is realistic and the family can implement with consistency”. Read the rest of this entry

children with sleep apneaA recently concluded research study has revealed that obstructive sleep apnea, a common form of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB), is associated with increased rates of ADHD-like behavioral problems in children as well as other adaptive and learning problems.

“This study provides some helpful information for medical professionals consulting with parents about treatment options for children with SDB that, although it may remit, there are considerable behavioral risks associated with continued SDB,” said Michelle Perfect, PhD, the study’s lead author and assistant professor in the school psychology program in the department of disability and psychoeducational studies at the University of Arizona in Tucson.  Read the rest of this entry

Low Energy Diet Improves Sleep Apnea

low energy dietObese men with moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea who followed a very low energy diet may maintain their initial improvements one year later.

Researchers at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden, assessed whether early improvements in obstructive sleep apnea after a very low energy diet were maintained one year later in 63 men, aged 30 to 65 years, with moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea and body mass index of 30 to 40 kg/m². Participants were treated with continuous positive airway pressure and underwent a one-year weight loss program consisting of nine weeks of a very low energy diet followed by a weight loss maintenance program, which was completed by 44 men. The severity of sleep apnea was measured using the apnea hypopnea index. Read the rest of this entry

Related Posts with Thumbnails